The internet has done something which is not so visible or expected from any other kind of societal innovation ever made, perhaps after the invention of wheel-redefining our lives. It has spawned off a wide range of professions which have been able to affect millions and giving a fresh outlet for the ever increasing creativity and innovation of man. One among those arts is the art of web designing.

Web design is, broadly what the name suggests- the task of designing websites. It incorporates various disciplines which are used in this work of websites production, as well as their maintenance. Some of these various disciplines include web graphic design, interface design, user experience design, authoring and search engine optimization. Some designers perform each task by themselves and some work in groups, each member being assigned a particular task. It all boils down to designing the website to give it a proper expected front-end look, which we, as the website users will experience and interact with.

With the birth of internet in 1989, the evolution in web design was natural. In the starting years, a line-mode browser was enough to view text pages on the World Wide Web. With the creation of the Mosaic browser by Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina, graphical design including images and sounds was incorporated in web designing for the first time. The proceeding years saw a change, both in terms of rules governing ownership of the internet as well as in terms of the end product-the websites. Cascade style sheets, Dynamic HTML and Javascript are some of the notable technological revolutions in the domain of web design, which have made it what it is today.

The technology used in web designing depends on the stage of the production process it is being used for. Standardized mark up, either hand coded or WYSIWYG editing software generated are the tools used for creating websites. HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is the platform of web designing, the language in which the codes are to be written. eXtensible HTML (or XHTML) is a widely popular tool with much stress on accuracy. The latest version, HTML5, supporting XML serialization is available now. For the users to edit the contents of an existing site, there’s Content Management System, which doesn’t require the user to have any knowledge of the complex HTML.
Web designing is complimented by the task of web development and the two -designer and developer- often work in tandem.

A designer should have a proper working knowledge of as many languages as possible, the common ones being HTML, CSS, Javascript, PHP and Flash and he performs the job of managing the visual aspect of the website, including the layouts, formatting etc.